News, Information and Updateshttp://xml.sandn.netGenealogy News, Information and UpdatesRegularly updated genealogy information in the UK. Includes general information and news, information about online information, updates from family history websites, reviews of genealogy products, and more.http://xml.sandn.neten-gbCopyright (c) British Data Archive27article.php?id=27A Short History of Parish RecordsAs we have seen, both Civil Registration and Census Returns run out when you get back to c.1840, and rarely provide information relevant before 1800. At this stage you need to turn to Parish Records.
Both Civil Registration and Census Returns run out when you get back to c.1840, and rarely provide information relevant before 1800. At this stage you need to turn to Parish Records - these date back to 1538 when Cromwell, at the Court of Henry VIII, ordered that every wedding, baptism and burial should be recorded. Early records were made on paper but from 1558 parchment was used, and the older records were supposed to have been copied, although some never were and have been lost. From 1597 a second copy had to be made and sent to the Bishop - these transcripts are often in better condition and written more legibly. There may be gaps in Parish Registers between 1553 and 1558 and the Catholic Mary Tudor was on the throne, and between 1642 and 1660 during the English Civil War and Commonwealth. It is worthwhile investing in Parish maps for your relevant counties - these not only mark the boundaries of each parish and show adjacent parishes (very useful for tracking mobile ancestors!) but can also give dates that registration began in each parish formed before civil registration. One such atlas can be found at, called the Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers, is a popular book which gives over 1800 maps and details of how to locate both original parish records and copies of them. In 1783 a stamp duty of 3 pence was imposed on every entry, although paupers were exempt. Tax evasion naturally occured, with a decline in working and middle class entries, but a marked increased in pauper's entries. The Act was repealed in 1794, and declared unsuccessful. By an act of 1812 baptisms, marriages and burials were entered in seperate, specially printed books, eight entries per page and including more information. Baptisms included Father's occupation and Mother's maiden name. Marriages included parish of origin of both paries, names, status (e.g. bachelor, widow, etc), ages, signatures/marks, and those of two witnesses. Burials included age, occupation and abode. Between 1678 and 1814 an affidavit was required to be sworn that the deceased was buried in wool or a fine of £5 was given. Marriages are either by banns or by licence. Banns are found in the parish register, the couple's intention to marry being read on three occasions in the parish churches of both the bride and groom. If you know where the groom lived just before the marriage, this record will tell you of the parish of the intended bride, which is normally where the wedding took place a few weeks later. Licences were sometimes handed to the couple marrying, and have not always survived, though a search can be made for its bond or allegation, which will give information of value, names of those who stood surety, as well as the names of bride and groom and place of marriage, and sometimes occupations of the sureties and groom.
5 Mar 2007
12article.php?id=12Phillimore's Marriage Indexes on CD-ROMPhillimore's Marriage Indexes can help you track your ancestors back to the 18th century.
These parish records of marriages - with, for some parishes, baptisms and burials - were transcribed by volunteers, edited by W.P.W Phillimore and Frederic Johnson and published by Phillimore and Co. in the latter part of the 19th and the early part of the 20th centuries. Produced by S&N Genealogy Supplies, the CD-ROMs contain scanned images from the printed page, enhanced to improve readability. The images are easy to read and print clearly. All text can be searched and names and part-names easily found. When a name is located, the appropriate page is displayed and the name is highlighted. Each volume is on a single CD-ROM disc. Parishes on that disc are listed on the CD cover. As some counties were covered in much greater depth than others, there are 26 volumes for Cornwall, two for Devon, 22 for Nottinghamshire and two for Kent. Very few northern counties are included.
6 Jan 2007
25article.php?id=25Who was W.P. Phillimore?Phillimore has played a huge part in the transcription and printing of marriage register, and by the time he died he had covered over 1200 parishes.
W.P. Phillimore, born William Phillimore Watts Stiff, was the son of Dr Stiff, a Nottingham Doctor. He later took the name Phillimore from the family of his grandmother. While educated as a lawyer, he was also a publisher of books. In later life, he began to transcribe marriage registers, which he later printed in book form. When he died in 1914, he had covered 1200 parishes from different counties in 200 volumes. He founded Phillimore & Co. Ltd in 1897, which have been publishing British local and family history for over a century. Phillimore Marriage Records are a series of books published in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by Phillimore & Co. Ltd. They cover marriages from various parishes from each county, however there may be some omission as some of the registers have not survived. In some counties, the coverage of parishes is very good, whereas in other counties just a few parishes were transcribed - most counties do not have every parish transcribed. The original parish records are usually stored in a county record office. These can be viewed by the public, but the archivists are reluctant to allow handling of these old and unique books.
3 Mar 2007